The adjustment of status (AOS) process consists of a number of steps that can take months to complete.
The basic process is as follows:
1. Medical Examination
Conducted by a USCIS-approved surgeon prior to submitting Form I-485 (Adjustment of Status application). The results are recorded by the surgeon on Form I-693 (Report of Medical Examination and Vaccination Record), sealed in an envelope and are valid for one year following the date of the exam.
2. USCIS Filing
I-485 Adjustment of Status application mailed to USCIS along with all supporting documentation.
3. Acknowledgement of Filing
After mailing in the application, the applicant will receive a notice of action (NOA) Form I-797C acknowledging the filing of the I-485 and any other needed actions. If no requests for evidence or other documents are made, no additional actions are needed.
4. Biometrics Appointment
USCIS issues another Notice of Action notifying the applicant of a biometrics (fingerprinting) appointment, indicating the date, time, and place. Failure to make the biometrics appointment can result in cancelation (abandonment) of the application by USCIS.
5. Adjustment of Status Interview
Some applicants will receive a Notice of Action requiring them to attend an adjustment interview with a USCIS officer. Updated documentation must be brought to the interview. Many applicants will not have to be interviewed provided that all their documentation is in order.
6. Final Notice of Action
USCIS informs the applicant when adjustment of status has been either approved or denied. At this point, the applicant may receive a temporary green card stamp in their passport.
7. Green Card
If Adjustment of Status is approved, the I-551 green card is mailed to the applicant.