Temporary Protected Status (TPS)

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is a temporary immigration status for individuals whose countries are experiencing problems putting their nationals at special risk if they were to be deported back to that country. Hundreds of thousands of individuals already in the United States have relied on TPS when problems in their home countries suddenly make their return or deportation dangerous.

The Secretary of Homeland Security may designate a country for TPS when conditions in that country temporarily prevent the country’s nationals from returning safely, or in certain circumstances, where the country is unable to handle the return of its nationals adequately. USCIS may grant TPS to eligible nationals of certain countries (or parts of countries), who are already in the United States. Eligible individuals without nationality who last resided in the designated country may also be granted TPS.

What does TPS mean for eligble individuals?

During a designated period, TPS holders are:

  • Not able to be deported from the U.S. and not able to be detained by DHS for reasons of immigration status
  • Eligible for an employment authorization document
  • Eligible for authorization to travel

Numbers

The US currently is providing TPS to over 300,000 foreign nationals:

CountryNumberTPS Designation YearTPS Termination Date
Nepal8,950 people2015June 24, 2019
El Salvador195,000 estimated2001TPS continues as long as Ramos v. Nielsen court order stands.
Honduras57,000 people1999TPS was supposed to terminate Jan 5, 2020. However it is blocked by a court case Bhattarai et al v. Nielsen et al
Haiti46,000 people2010TPS continues as long as court ordered in the case of  Ramos v. Nielsen
Syria5,800 people2012Sep 30, 2019
Nicaragua2,550 people1996TPS continues as long as court ordered in the case of  Ramos v. Nielsen
Yemen1,250 people1997March 3, 2020
Sudan1,040 people1997TPS continues as long as Ramos v. Nielsen court order stands.
Somalia500 people1991March 17, 2020
South Sudan70 people2011Nov. 2, 2020

 

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