A student visa is a special endorsement that can be added to a passport that governments issue to students who are enrolled at qualified educational institutions. Student visas are non-immigrant visas that do not require the holder to obtain citizenship. Any prospective student seeking higher education in another country must obtain a student visa for that country.
There are three types of student visa in the US:
F1 Visa: Academic Studies
The “F” visa is for academic studies. An F1 visa is issued to students who are attending an academic program or English Language Program. F1 visas are by far the most common form of international student visa in the U.S.
J1 Visa: Practical Training
A J1 visa is issued to students who need to obtain practical training that is not available in their home country to complete their academic program.
M1 Visa: Non-Academic / Vocational Studies
An M1 visa is issued to a student who is going to attend a non-academic or vocational school.