The legal US definition of a “refugee” is someone who is unable or unwilling to return to his or her home country because of well-founded fear of persecution due to reasons of race, religion, membership in a particular social group, political opinions, or their national origin.
To immigrate to the United States by refugee status, a person must be referred to the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program.
The United States has long been a global leader in the resettlement of refugees. The number people fleeing violence or persecution has increased sharply this last decade. Until this year, the United States accepted more refugees than all other countries combined, although this has been reduced with the current administration.